Perceptions, attitude, and practice of undergraduates towards pre-conceptional care in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

Risikat I. Fadare, Kayode Ajayi, Cecilia B. Bello, Funmilola T. Ojo, Victoria Obinatu


Periconceptional care (PCC) addresses the care before pregnancy occurs. The objectives of this study were to assess the knowledge, attitude of undergraduates towards and the practice of pre-conception care among the undergraduates. Quantitative approach with a descriptive, cross-sectional survey design was adopted using semi structured researcher- administered questionnaire with close - ended and restricted- choice questions. 273 female students were selected using a multistage and proportional sampling techniques from various departments in the University. Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistical methods with the aid of SPSS (version 23). Results showed that 75.2% had high knowledge of pre-conception care, 76.8% had positive attitude towards pre-conception., 66.1% had never sought pre-conception care as the majority were not married, but desired to complete schooling before considering such practices The knowledge of preconception care among the women was high, their attitude towards preconception care was good but their practice of preconception care was poor. Age, marital status and course of study were significant predictors of the respondents’ adoption of PC. There is a need for health workers to lay more emphasis on the importance of PCC thus encouraging youths to adopt and utilize preconception care.

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