Burnout among nurses in Jazan General Hospital, Saudi Arabia: its prevalence and associated factors

Eman M. Abdelrazek, Omnia A. Higazy


Burnout is a common psychological phenomenon among nurses. It is categorized by deterioration in physical, emotional, and psychological energy resulting from work-related stress. This study aimed to explore the prevalence and associated factors of burnout among nurses in Jazan General Hospital, Saudi Arabia in 2022 from July to December. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 226 nurses were interviewed from Jazan General Hospital, Saudi Arabia. The validated Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Services Survey for Medical Personnel was used to measure burnout. Sources of stress were assessed by 17 items. Data obtained were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version. 22.0. t-test, correlation, and analysis of variance were used to assess the relationship between variables. High burnout was found among 188 (82.2%) participants. The Emotional exhaustion score was significantly higher among those who worked >36 hours per week (p=0.001). The depersonalization score was high significantly among those who had extra hours per week (p=0.001). The personal accomplishment score was higher among those who had age (20-39) years (P=0.004). Burnout among nurses was high and is mainly related to workplace stressors. Improving the work environment and managing workplace stress should be priorities for reducing nurse burnout. (Afr J Reprod Health 2023; 27 [4]: 43-53).

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