Evaluation of causes of female infertility using ultrasonography in Najran, Saudi Arabia

Nagla Hussein Mohamed Khalid, Itedal Abdelraheem Mohamed Ahmed, Samia Abdelgauom Fathelrahman Ahmed

Abstract

Descriptive cross-sectional, hospital-based study carried out at the Maternal and Childbirth Hospital, Najran, Saudi Arabia, from May 2020 to May 2021 Using Ultrasonography. This study assessed the causes of female infertility by evaluating 100 women with infertility who attended the hospital. The mean age of the women with infertility was 34.8 ± years, with most between 35 -44 years 49%, 31% between 25-34 years old, 11% between 15 - 24 years old and 19% were ≥45were. Of the sample, 65% had primary infertility, while 35% had secondary infertility. A statistical significant association was found between age and the type of infertility (p < 0.05) with polycystic ovary disease being the most common cause of infertility 56%, followed by fibroids 22%, Endometrial polyps 9%, Adenomyosis 5%, Hydrosalpinx 4%, Congenital abnormality 2% and other causes was 1%. Our findings demonstrate the usefulness of ultrasound in diagnosing and evaluating female infertility. The cause of female infertility are polycystic ovary disease, fibroids, Endometrial polyps, Adenomyosis, Hydrosalpinx and congenital anomalies. (Afr J Reprod Health 2022; 26[5]: 90-95).

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