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Contraception before and after induced abortion: Trajectories of women in selected urban-poor settlements of Accra, Ghana

Caesar Agula, Elizabeth G. Henry, Patrick O. Asuming, Charles Agyei-Asabere, Mawuli Kushitor, Edmund W. Kanmiki, Iqbal Shah, Ayaga A. Bawah


This paper examined women’s pre- and post-induced abortion contraceptive use and predictors of post-abortion modern contraceptive uptake in selected poor settlements of Accra, Ghana. Data from a cross-sectional study of 251 women aged 16-44 years were used. Patterns of contraceptive use were analysed descriptively while the predictors of modern contraceptive use in the month following induced abortion were examined using a binary logistic regression model. Majority of women (60%) were not using any method of contraception when they became pregnant before their abortion. Just over 30% of these women switched to using any method in the month immediately after abortion (22% modern and 9% traditional). Women who had became pregnant while using a modern method before their abortion had higher odds of using a modern method post-abortion than women who had not been using any method of contraception when they became pregnant. Following induced abortion, many women remained at potential risk of future unintended pregnancy. Our findings suggest the need for improved contraceptive counselling for women who seek abortion services, both during post-abortion care for facility-based abortions or at the time of obtaining medication abortion pills for those who are self-managing their abortion. (Afr J Reprod Health 2021; 25[6]: 20-31).

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