Association between genital tract infection and premature rupture of membranes: A retrospective case control study in Tunisia, North Africa

Slama D Darine, Sakly N Nabil, Babba H Hamouda

Abstract

Premature Rupture of Membranes is responsible for most cases of neonatal death. In most of these cases, the causes of PROM have not been established in Tunisia, although several risk factors have been described. Therefore, we set out to determine the presence of an association between genital infections and PROM among Tunisian women. A case-control study was conducted among 251 womens to detect the presence of association between genital tract infection and Premature Rupture of Membranes.Cases had a premature membranes rupture and the controls had intact membranes or suffering from premature membrane rupture during the latent phase of labour. Data were collected from the medical register including socio-demographic characteristics, obstetrics, and medical history. Association between genital infections and premature rupture of membranes was estimated using the Odds Ratio and 95% CI. One risk factor was identified, including age. There is no association between the presence of Group B streptococcus (OR= 1.08; 95% CI 0.50-2.34), presence of Trichomonasvaginalis (OR= 2.45; 95% CI 0.15-39.83) and presence of Candidiasis (OR= 1.11; 95% CI 0.58-2.14) and premature rupture of membranes. Co-infection was not associated with premature rupture of membranes (OR= 0.43; 95% CI 0.45-6.07). There is no association between genital infections and PROM among pregnant Tunisian women. (Afr J Reprod Health 2021; 25[2]: 131-137).

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