Fertility after Endoscopic Surgery for Ectopic Pregnancy Management in Point "G” Teaching Hospital, Bamako-Mali

Youssouf Traoré, Soumaila Keita, Sékou Koumaré, Lamine Soumaré, Oumar Sacko, Aboubacar Camara, Moussa Camara, Moussa Sissoko, A Sissoko, Tiounkany Théra, Ahmadou Coulibaly, Seydou Fané, Amadou Bocoum, Adama Koita, Zimogo Z Sanogo

Abstract

Endoscopic surgery of ectopic pregnancy is actually the gold standard for the management of fallopian tubal diseases.  A survey was conducted to evaluate fertility in patients who underwent endoscopic management for ectopic pregnancy. A retrospective study was conducted at the department of general and endoscopic surgery of the Point "G" teaching hospital, in Bamako, Mali, from January 1st 2007 to December 31, 2016. Forty-eight (48) patients who underwent endoscopic management of tubal ectopic pregnancy and who have been followed up for fertility were included in this study. Statistical tests used were X2 or Fisher test and their confident interval, p<1 % has been considered as statistically significant. The therapeutic score of Pouly was less than 4 in 25.0% (n = 12). The return to fertility was observed among 48.0% of patients (n = 23). The chance of conception was less than 80.0% after the fourth postoperative year (p=0.001). The outcome of pregnancies has been seventeen full-term pregnancies, three ectopic pregnancies and three miscarriages. The occurrence of pregnancy after endoscopic management indicated for ectopic pregnancy is possible. However, many factors can influence the future conception. (Afr J Reprod Health 2020; 24[1]: 115-120).


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