Prevalence and Risk Factors of Repeat Pregnancy among South African Adolescent Females

Desiree Govender, Saloshni Naidoo, Myra Taylor

Abstract

In the era of HIV/AIDS, repeat pregnancies among adolescents indicate the growing problem of high-risk sexual behavior and the status of reproductive health services. A cross sectional survey was conducted to establish the prevalence and risk factors of repeat pregnancies among South African adolescents. A total of 326 adolescents participated in this study at a district hospital in, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa from June 2017 to November 2017. Data was analysed using R Software. Out of the 326 adolescents, 19.9% had experienced a repeat pregnancy. The risk factors associated with adolescent repeat pregnancy included a history of spontaneous abortion (p<0.001) and previous contraceptive use (p<0.001). A higher level of education (p<0.001) and emotional support from family (p=0.007) were found to be significant protective factors against adolescent repeat pregnancy. These findings have implications for future interventions aimed at reducing repeat pregnancy among adolescents. (Afr J Reprod Health 2019; 23[1]: 73-87

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