Rape against Women: The Magnitude, Perpetrators and Patterns of Disclosure of Events in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Projestine S Muganyizi, Charles Kilewo, Candida Moshiro


This cross-sectional household survey was conducted in Dar es Salaam between July and August 2000. The objectives were to establish the magnitude of rape against women, the perpetrators, disclosure of events and other related factors. Among the 1004 women who completed their interviews, 20% said they were ever raped. The known perpetrators were responsible for 92% of the most recent events. Whereas 34% of events were disclosed for non-legal purposes, only 10% were disclosed to the police. Repeated rape and patterns of disclosure were significantly associated with existing social relationships with the perpetrator. The results indicate that rape against women is a serious public health problem in Dar es Salaam commonly involving people who are close to the victims. (Afr J Reprod Health 2004; 8[3]:137-146)


Keyword: Rape, women, perpetrators, disclosure

Full Text:



Smith EJ. Discussing sexuality fosters sexual health. Network 2002; 21(4): 58.

Heise LL, Raikes A, Watts CH and Zwi AB. Violence against women: a neglected public health issue in less developed countries. SocSci Med 1994; 39 (9): 1165-1179.

Heise LL and Ellsberg M. Violence against women: impact on sexual and reproductive Health. A review paper presented at the dialogue on reproductive health, gender and human rights. World Bank, December 1999.

Weiss P and Zverina J. Experience with sexual aggression with the general population in the Czech. Republic Arch Sex Behav 1999; 28(3): 26-59.

de la Garza-Auigular J, Dia Z and Michael E. Elements for the study of rape. SaludPublicaMex 1997; 39(6): 539-545.

Vogelman L and Eagle G. Overcoming endemic violence against women in South Africa. Soc Justice 1991; 18(12): 209.

Teets JM. The incidence and experience of rape among chemically dependent women. Psychoactive Drugs USA 1997; 29(4); 331-336.

Ministry of Home Affairs (1998). Statistics on Reported Sexual abuse. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.

Koss M. Detecting the scope of rape: a review of the prevalence research methods. J Interpers Viol 1993; 8: 198.

Back-Sague CM and Solomon F. Sexually transmitted diseases in children adolescent and adult victims of rape: review of selected literature. Clin Infect Dis 1999; 28(suppl 1): 574-583.

GrothAN and Burgess AW. Rape: a sexual deviation. Am J Orthopsych 1997; 47: 335-400.

Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Finance, Economic Affairs and Planning (2003). Official report of the National Population Census, 2002: United Republic of Tanzania, Dar es Salaam.

Linden JA. Sexual assault. Emerg Med Clin N Amer 1999; 17(3): 685-697.

Jewkes R, Penn Kekana L, Levin J, Ratsaka M and Schrieber M. Prevalence of emotional, physical and sexual abuse of women in three South African provinces. S Afr Med J 2001; 91(5): 421-428.

Jewkes R and Abrahams N. The epidemiology of rape and sexual coercion in South Africa: an overview. SocSci Med 2002;

: 1231-1244.

Ullman SE. Social support and recovery from sexual assault: a review. Aggress Viol Behav 1999; 4: 343-358.

Djamba KY. Theoretical perspectives on female sexual behaviour in Africa: a review and conceptual model. Afr J Reprod Health 1997; 1(2): 67-78.


  • There are currently no refbacks.