Perceptions of Nigerian Women on Domestic Violence: Evidence from 2003 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey

Kolawole Azeez Oyediran, Uche C Isiugo-Abanihe

Abstract

To facilitate the design of effective programmes to eliminate violence against women in Nigeria, this paper examined women's perceptions of wife beating. The data were derived from the 2003 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS). Both descriptive and analytical methods were used to assess the net effects of socio-demographic factors on women's perceptions of domestic violence. The study demonstrates that a large percentage of Nigerian women agreed that a man is justified in beating or hitting his wife; 66.4% and 50.4% of ever-married and unmarried women respectively expressed consent for wife beating. Respondents' approval of wife beating or abuse varied by personal attributes. Ethnic affiliation, level of education, place of residence, wealth index and frequency of listening to radio were significantly related to concurrence with wife beating. This paper highlights the cultural factors responsible for, and negative effects of, domestic violence against women in Nigeria and makes a case for raising public consciousness against it. (Afr J Reprod Health 2005; 9[2]: 38-53) 

 

Keywords: Women, violence, husband, wife, perception

Full Text:

PDF

References

United Nations. The Beijing Declaration and the Platform for Action, Fourth World Conference on Women, Beijing, China. UNDoc.DPI/1766/Wom.112-113. New York: United Nations, 1996.

deBruyn M. Violence related to pregnancy and abortion: a violation of human rights. Sex Health Exch 2002; 3:14-15.

Heise LL, Raikes A, Watts CH and Zwi AB. Violence against women: a neglected public health issue in less developed countries. SocSci Med 1994;39(9): 1165-79.

Molloy J. Ending war against women. CRLP sponsors workshop on violence against women in situations of armed conflict during Beijing + 5 Regional Conference. Reprod Freedom News 2000; 9(3): 2.

Schreck Laurel. Turning point: a special report on the refugee reproductive health field. Inter FamPlannPersp 2000; 26(4):

-166.

Girard F and Waldman W. Ensuring the reproductive rights of refugees and internally displaced persons: legal and policy issues. Inter FamPlannPersp 2000; 26(4): 167-173.

Nordstrom C. Carita's war. Development 2001; 44(3): 30-5.

Refugees International. Visual mission: violence against women in Darfur, October 2004. http://www.refugeesinternational.org/content/report /detail/4329/

Rath DG, Jarratt LG and Leonardson G. Rates of domestic violence against adult women by men partners. J Am BdFamPrac 1989; 2: 227-233.

Odimegwu Clifford O. Couple formation and domestic violence among the Tiv of Benue State, Nigeria. Paper presented at the International Colloquium Gender, Population and Develop-ment in Africa organised by UAPS, INED, ENSEA, IFORD, Abidjan 16-21 July 2001.

Foster LA. South African experiences in fighting domestic violence. Sex Health Exch 2002; 3: 3-4.

Brinkerhoff MB, Grandin E and Lupri E. Religious involvement and spousal violence: the Canadian case. J Sci Study Rel 1992; 31(1): 15-31.

Heise L, et al. Ending violence against women. Pop Reports Series L, No. 11. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University School of Public Health, Population Information Program, December 1999.

Watts C and Zimmerman C. Violence against women: global scope and magnitude. The Lancet 2002; 359(9313): 1232-

Kiragu Jane. Policy review: HIV prevention and women's rights: working for one means working for both. AIDS Captions 1995; 2(3): 40-46.

FinklerKaja. Gender, domestic violence and sickness in Mexico. SocSci Med 1997; 45(8): 1147-1160.

Odujinrin O. Wife battering in Nigeria. Inter J GynecolObstet 1993; 41(2): 159-164.

Okemgbo CN, Omideyi AK and Odimegwu CO. Prevalence, patterns and correlates of domestic violence in selected Igbo communities of Imo State, Nigeria. Afr J Reprod Health 2002; 6(2): 101-114.

Ilika AL, Okonkwo PI and Adogu P. Intimate partner violence among women of childbearing age in a primary health care centre in Nigeria. Afr J Reprod Health 2002; 6(3): 53-58.

Ondicho TG. Battered women: a socio-legal perspective of their experiences in Nairobi. Afri Study Monographs 2000; 21(1):

-44.

Jewkes R, Levin J and Penn-Kekana L. Risk factors for domestic violence: findings from a South African cross-sectional study. SocSci Med 2002; 55(9): 1603-1617.

Johnson C. Domestic violence: the cost to society, the challenge to development. Gender Action: Development Strategies for Sustainable Results 1997; 1(4): 2-3.

United Nations. Department for Policy Coordina-tion and Sustainable Development. Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women [CEDAW] the work of CEDAW. Reports of the Committee on the Elimination of

Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). Volume IV: 1989. New York, New York, United Nations, 1997, xvi, 143 p.

National Population Commission (NPC) and ORC Macro. Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2003. Calverton: National Population Commission and ORC Macro, 2004.

OtiteOnigu. Ethnic Pluralism Ethnicity and Ethnic Conflicts in Nigeria. Second edition. Shaneson CI Limited, 2000, 1-242.

Isiugo-Abanihe U.C. Male Role and Responsibility in Fertility and Reproductive Health in Nigeria. Ibadan: Centre for Population Activities and Education for Development, 2003.

Kritz MM and P Makinwa-Adebusoye. Ethnicity, work and family as determinants of women's decision-making autonomy in Nigeria. Population and Development Program Working Paper Series No. 97.06.

Ofie-Aboagye RO. Domestic violence in Ghana: an initial step. Colum J Gender Law 1994; 4(1): 1-25.

Rivera Izabal LM. Women's legal knowledge: a case study of Mexican urban dwellers. Gender Dev 1995; 3(2): 43-48.

Watts C, Ndlovu M, Njovana E and Keogh E. Women, violence and HIV / AIDS in Zimbabwe. Safaids News 1997; 5(2): 2-6.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.